Mehrangarh Fort, Jodhpur is one of the most massive forts in forts in India.The fort is a popular tourist attraction, and it is situated on a 150 m high hill. Rao Jodha founded it in the year 1459. The Mehrangarh Fort can be reached from the city through a circular road which is about 5 kilometers.
For about five centuries the Mehrangarh has been the headquarters of the Rajput clan known as the Rathores. The dynasty of this clan had at an earlier period which was controlled by Kanauj.
The museum in the Mehrangarh fort is well-stocked. One section of the fort museum has a selection of old royal palanquins which includes the elaborate domed gilt Mahadol palanquin. The museum exhibits a rich heritage of the Rathores in costumes, paintings arms and decorated period.
A total of Seven gates have to be crossed to reach the Mehrangarh Fort. The gates of the fortress still bear the marks of the various battles fought in the bygone era. These seven gates in the fort are made by different rulers and were built in honor of the victory of Jaipur armies.Maharaja Man Singh built the Jai Pol Gate to celebrate his victory over Bikaner and Jaipur armies. To mark his victory against the Mughals, Maharaja Ajit Singh constructed another gate called Fateh Pol.
Moto Mahal is the most significant room of the fort and is often known as the Pearl Palace. Raja Sur Singh built the Mahal, and he used the Mahal to meet all his subjects. Here, visitors can see the ‘Sringar Chowki’ which is the imperial throne of Jodhpur. There are five hidden balconies where the five queens of the king listen to the court proceedings.
Phool Mahal is the private chamber of the Kings. The Mahal is also known as the Palace of Flowers, and its ceilings are made out of precious gold filigree. The Phool Mahal was built in the 18th century by Maharaja Abhai Singh. After the King’s victory over the Mughal warrior, Sarbuland Khan, gold was supposedly looted from Ahmedabad to build the palace. The Ragmala painting and royal portraits were brought to the palace during the reign of Maharaja Jaswant Singh II.
The Sheesha Mahal is decorated with beautiful mirror works. The Mahal is also known as the ‘Hall of Mirrors, ‘ and one can also see the Takhat Vila. Takhat Singh built the Villa, and he was the resident of the Mehrangarh Fort and the last ruler of Jodhpur. The architectural design of the Takhat Vila displays both colonial and traditional style. The tourists can see mirror works displaying painted figures in the palace.
The Mahal is the place where royal ladies used to watch the proceedings being conducted in the courtyard. The palace has a vast collection of royal cradles. These cradles are decorated with figures of elephants, birds, and fairies.